My Professional Information

Clifford Angell Bates, Jr. Ph.D.

I am a student of political [and social] philosophy. My primary research interest has been in Classical Political Philosophy. The theme of my work in Aristotle has been the examination of his treatment of popular government [i.e., democracy] and the rule of law. I am also working on Aristotle's treatment of nature, law and the political community, focusing on his treatment that not only human beings are political animals but that the political community is the intersection of both nature and convention. This interest in popular government and the rule of law has also drawn me into Comparative political development, especially examining the historical development of liberal democracy, republicanism, and constitutional government. To this end, I plan someday to create a text book that deals with world history from the approach of this political development prospective. This also has given me a great interest in comparative political systems and also comparative revolutions and institutions.

I am also interested in the thought of the following classical thinkers: Xenophon, Cicero, Polybius, and Tacitus. But since I am interested in the development of republicanism, I am also deeply interested in various thinkers and concerns of the Middle Ages. Of thinkers, I am interested in St. Augustine, John of Paris, Marsilius of Padua, St. Thomas and those theologians and philosophers involved in the dispute between Pope Bonifice and King Phillip IV of France. This is a defining political historical event of the Middle Ages, in that it would shape the future Church – State relationship in European political history. I am also interested in the Renaissance recovery of Classical thought and its revitalization of the republican tradition. To that end, I am also interested in the Renaissance political thought of Milton, Machiavelli, etc., including the Great Reformers Calvin and Luther. I am by necessity also interested in the development of liberalism, deriving from Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau and its radicalization following Kant and latter by the German neo-Kantians [inclusive of the critique by Carl Schmitt, Nietzsche, and Martin Heidegger].

I also have an interested in the development of American Constitutionalism and the course of American Political History to the present. I am interested in the institutions of Congress and the Presidency and how they have shaped the understanding of American Constitutionalism. I am particularly interested in the importance of Federalism in the thinking of the Framers and its importance to American political liberty.

I also have a strong interest in literature and politics, especially in regard to the philosophic and political issues that are to be addressed in the Great Works of Literature, especially the following works: Greek Tragedy and Comedy, Roman Poetry, Greek and Roman Epic, Shakespeare, Italian Renaissance Comedy, English Reomantics and Modernist Poetry, Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness, and Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby.

In regard to my interest in comparative politics, aside from the historical interest mentioned earlier, I am interested in the politics of East Asia, especially that of Japan and China, especially in the fact that these two Nations will be of great importance to America and American interests in the new century. I am also interested in the shaping of Post-Soviet Eastern Europe and how their involvement with the Overall European community will shape the politics of Europe.


Ph.D. May 1995. Northern Illinois University. Department of Political Science. DeKalb, Illinois. Primary Field: Political Philosophy and Thought (Classical, Medieval, Modern, Postmodern, and American). Secondary Fields: Comparative Politics (Political Development and East Asia), Literature and Politics.

Ph.D. Dissertation: Popular rule, political excellence, wisdom, and the rule of law: Democracy as Aristotle's Best Regime in Politics 3. [Defended December 1994] Dissertation Advisor: Larry Arnhart.

M.A. May 1989. University of Dallas. Braniff Graduate School, Department of Politics. Irving, Texas.

Fields: American Politics and Political Philosophy and Thought.

M.A. Thesis: Willmoore Kendall and the role of equality in the American poltitical tradition. Thesis Advisors: M. E. Bradford (deceased), Glen Thurow, and Leo Paul S. deAlvarez.

B.A. cum laude. May 1987. Providence College. Providence, Rhode Island. Major: Political Science Pi Sigma Alpha Member, 1987.


October 2000 to Current. Professor U.W. Warsaw University, Institute of the Americans and Europe. The American Study Center. Warsaw, Poland. At the Center I teach American political institutions (i.e., Congress, The Presidency, State and Local Government, Federalism, the Courts), and the U.S. Political System lecture. I also occasionally teach courses on the political symbols of the American political tradition and about American Constitutionalism. I also offer courses on American Political History (e.g., the Civil War, the Founding of the U.S. Constitution).

October 1999 to June 2000. Lecturer Warsaw University, Institute of International Relations and the Institute of Political Science and Policy Studies of the Faculity of Political Science and Journalism. Warsaw, Poland. There I have taught courses on "American Foreign Policy", “American National Security Policy”, “Comparative Global Ideologies”, "American Public Policy" and “International Institutions and Global Economics”. I have also taught courses on American Foreign Policy to members of the Polish Diplomatic Corp.

January 1999 to September 1999. Instructor. City University, European Programs. Slovak Republic (campuses at Trencin and Bratislava). [City University follows a trimester schedule.] Winter Semester 1999 [Trencin campus]. Two sections of HUM200: Introduction to Philosophy and one section of BC211: Intermediate Rhetoric and Analysis [A course focusing on the presentation of argument and reasoning in relation to argument]. Spring Semester 1999 [Bratislava campus]. Two sections of BC301: Approaches to Critical Thinking and two sections of INT306: Comparative European Ethics [A course where one examines the major models of Ethical reasoning in the Western Philosophic tradition]. Summer Semester 1999 [Both Campuses]. Taught one section each of HUM200, BC301, INT306. Taught the all above mentioned also in Distance Learning mode.

September 1991 to May 1993. Teaching Assistant. Northern Illinois University. Department of Political Science. DeKalb, Illinois. Where I taught both POLS 100 "American Government." for two semesters (2 classes each semester) and POLS 251 "Introduction to Political Philosophy" for two semesters (2 classes each semester). The Intro to Political Philosophy was introductory survey of some of the major political philosophers of the tradition, as well as an survey of the major questions and issues addressed by these authors. Not only was Intro to Political Philosophy one of the required courses for the Political Science major, it also fulfilled either a humanities or social science elective for the University’s General Education Requirement. The American Government, an introductory survey of American Politics, the first course for all Political Science majors; it was also the course which would satisfy the Illinois Civics Requirement for Education Majors.

September 1993 to August 1995. Visiting Scholar. Brown University. Department of Political Science. Providence, Rhode Island. Held this appointment for the purpose of conducting my research for and complete my Ph.D. dissertation. I also was able to rework my dissertation into a book manuscript that is current under review at several University presses. While holding this position, I was able to research, write and present several conference papers. While there at Brown, I participated in the renown Aristotelian scholar Martha Nussbaum’s Greek Philosophy/Classics study group and presented at least one paper

September 1996 to December 1997. Lecturer. Central Connecticut State University. Department of History. 1615 Stanley St. New Britain, CT. Where I taught both History 142 "Western Civilization I" (for three semesters), a survey of the development of Western Civilization from before the advent of Classical Greek civilization up unto the dawn of Enlightenment Europe, and History 262 "History of American Life II” (one class, in the Spring of 97), a survey of American History [my focus was primary on American Political History] from following the Civil War to the Present. The Western Civilization was one of the common general education electives to satisfy the History/Social Science requirement for the BA/BS degree.

August 1996 to June 1998. Discussion Leader of Aristotle's Ethics Discussion List and Co-Discussion Leader [/w Lance Fletcher] of the Aristotle's Politics Discussion List. The Freelance Academy. A series of E-mail listserves on philosophers and political thinkers. Owned and operated by Lance Fletcher.

January 1998 to present. self-employed as web design and construction consultant.


Fall 1991 and Spring 1992. Northern Illinois University. Two sections each semester of POLS 100 "American Government."

Fall 1992 and Spring 1993. Northern Illinois University. One section each semester of POLS 251 "Introduction to Political Philosophy."

Fall 1996. Central Connecticut State University. Two sections of History 142 "Western Civilization I."

Spring 1997. Central Connecticut State University. One section of History 142 "Western Civilization I" and one section of History 262 "History of American Life II."

Fall 1997. Central Connecticut State University. Two sections of History 142 "Western Civilization I."


Larry Arnhart. Professor. Department of Political Science. Northern Illinois University. DeKalb, Ill 60115-2887. Office tel#: 815-753-7049. Home tel#: 815-756-7188. E-mail:

Peter A. Lawler. Professor. Department of Political Science. Berry College. Mount Berry, GA 30149. Home tel#: 406-291-0113. E-mail:

Christopher Vasillopulos. Professor. Department of Political Science. Eastern Connecticut State University. Willimantic, CT 06226. Office tel# 860-465-4602. Home tel# 207-363-1477. E-mail:

George Anastaplo. Professor of Constitutional Law. School of Law. Loyola University, Chicago. C/o 5731 South Harper. Chicago, IL 60637. Home tel# 312-363-4825.


"The Good, the Just, and Absolute Rule" in Truth and Virtue Volume 1, Number 3 (August 1998).

Click Here for the Article

"Pambasileia versus the Rule of Law: The first logoi of Politics 3.15," in Politikos III: Justice vs. Law in Greek Political Thought, ed. by Lesile Rubin (Lanham, Maryland: Roman and Littlefield, 1997), pp. 195-211.


A review of Jeffrey T. Young's Economics as a Moral Science: The Political Economy of Adam Smith in The Review of Political Economy (Forthcoming 1999).

A review of Martin Heidegger’s Plato’s Sophist in The Bryn Mawr Classical Review, 98.11.11

Click Here for the Review

A review of Peter Simpson's Translation of Aristotle's Politics in Philosophy in Review Vol. 17, 6 (December 1997), pp. 448-450.

A review of Peter Ahrensdorf's The Death of Socrates and the Life of Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy 17 (1997), pp. 171-174.

"Neoconservative Lives," a book review of Gary Dorrien's The Neoconservative Mind in The Review of Politics 57,2 (Spring 1995), 348-50.

Book review of Shlomo Avineri and Avner de-Shalit's Communitarianism and Individualism in History of European Ideas (November 1994), 769-70.

Selected Conference Papers

"The impossibility of the gentleman in Modernity: as seen in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby." Presented at the Northeastern Political Science Association Annual meeting held in Providence, R.I. on November 12-14, 1992.

"The Problem with Politeia as Polity in Aristotle's Politics." Presented at the 1993 Northeastern Political Science Assoc. meeting in Newark, N.J. on November 11-13th, 1993.

"Deconstructing Aristotle's typology of regimes: A reexamination of Aristotle's classification of regimes in Politics 3." Presented at the New England Political Science Assoc. meeting in Salem, Mass. on April 22 and 23, 1994.

"Aristotle and Aeschylus on the rise of the polis." Presented at the 1994 Northeastern Political Science Assoc. meeting on November 10-12, 1994 in Providence, R.I.

"Aristotle on Founders: The Fundamental Political Problem of Legislators Addressed in Politics 2." Presented at the 53rd Midwest Political Science Association Annual Meeting, held in Chicago, Illinois. on April 6-8, 1995.

"Yeats, Burke, and Revolution: The Limits of Power and the Limits of Politics." Presented at the New England Political Science Association Annual Meeting, held in Portland, Maine on May 5-6, 1995

"Aristotle and the Problems of Citizenship." Presented at The Patristic, Medieval, and Renaissance (PMR) Conference at Villanova University on September 15-17th, 1995.

"Carl Schmitt and the Limits of the Modern Liberal State." Presented at the 1995 Northeastern Political Science Assoc. meeting in Newark, N.J., on November 9-11, 1995.

“The Political Excellence of the Many.” Presented at the 1997 Southern Political Science Association meeting in Norfolk, Va., November 6-8th, 1997.

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Last Updated July 22nd, 1999 by Clifford A. Bates, Jr.

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